Visa to the USA
If a traveler meets requirements for visa-free travel, they may be eligible to travel to the US without Visa. Those travelers, who do not qualify for visa-free travel, must obtain a Visa to enter the United States.
Holding a visa does not guarantee the entry to the United States, but it does indicate the fact a consular officer at a U.S. Embassy or Consulate abroad has determined that a traveler is eligible to seek entry for a specific purpose.
There are to main types of U.S. visas: Nonimmigrant visas and Immigrant visas .
Nonimmigrant visa type consists of 20 different kinds of visas for people traveling to the United States temporarily.
The government of the United States offers a Visa Waiver Program (VWP). It enables most citizens of affected countries to enter the United States for touristic or business reasons for 90 days or less without a need for a visa. Travelers participating in the program must have a valid Electronic System for Travel Authorization (ESTA) approval before travel.
Countries participating in VWP are: Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brunei, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, United Kingdom.
If a traveler’s home country does not participate in VWP, then they need to obtain a Nonimmigrant visa.
To apply for a Nonimmigrant visa, one must determine the visa type needed and pay the visa fee. After paying the fee, a traveler should complete DS-160 form which will be followed by scheduling an appointment and visiting the U.S. Embassy.
The chart below shows the types of visas depending on the purpose of travel.